Jegadesh sankar

Miles to go before i sleep

Archive for November, 2006

For meebo lovers

Posted by jakku on November 12, 2006

If meebo is your favorite IM client, you can refer your friend. Top 10 referrers are posted on the right sidebar area of meebo blog and now i am trying for that 🙂 Visit

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Posted by jakku on November 12, 2006

I have been using meebo for more that six months. I have given here some information about meebo. meebo is a website for instant messging. One can use meebo to send IM with their Yahoo, Gmail, MSN, aim, icq, jabber usernames. Now the question comes about privacy and security. Check out this. You can also create your meebo ID. Meebo was launched in sep 2005 and now more than 60 million instant messages are sent daily. Picture below gives the meebo traffic around the world on 12.11.06 by 1 pm.[info from]

Meebo traffic

Why i like meebo?

– One need not install any software to send IM

– Meebo is fast [what i feel]

– Can be used in any system with a browser installed [I use meebo @ college and Lab to send IM:)]

– Group chat is available

Here are some links:

To send IM

meebo blog

Meebo forum

Posted in Meebo, web | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

Comprehension Exam

Posted by jakku on November 9, 2006

Today i had comprehension exam (the most awaited exam). Went to class by 7.50 was surprised to see the class was full and all were seriously studying for the exam[Usually my class will not be like this] . Then i started revising the answers for the question bank that was prepared by myself and my friends as a team effort. We all were discussing about the answers for the questions for the past three or four days. At last we came out with many answers but there was still some questions left out. I have posted the answers here and here in previous post. Exam started by 9(not exactly). Was happy to see the question paper. All the questions were discussed in class by Prof M.C.V sir and prof Mathur. I was almost present for many classes except a few, so answered almost all the questions except four. Will get good marks.

And now how to study for comp exam?(My suggestion)

There is no text book for this paper. This paper is taken only by experienced staffs and professors. So attending classes regularly is the best way to prepare. No other extra preperation needed. Try to solve some questions from question bank in group. Group study will be better than individual.

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University practicals

Posted by jakku on November 8, 2006

I had university lab yesterday(7th) Power system simulation lab. I was on second batch. Went to college by 8. Then chatted with friends(Vijay venki, Veera, Vickram, Jegan and Vjay srinivas) Lot of Actor Bala’s fight were discussed :)(Telegu actor) Here is a sample. Then went to lab by 10. Not bad, Got output for Matlab and Mipower. C partial output. A3,A2 and B1. Dont know what this grade are, I think A3 is 26 marks and A2 is 28 marks. (Got this marks in model lab). External was from SRR engineering college. Viva as usuall managed. Hope will get some 85+

With the help of Vijay venkatesh and some other friends i am creatind a page for comprehension questions and answers now. Thanks to Vijay and other friends(Bullet,Madan and team)

Today I forget to wish my friend Joel Joseph(Our dept President). He celebrates his Birthdy tody[How i forget this????? Actually yesterday i slept by 10.3 itself]


Posted in Diary entries, SSNCE | 1 Comment »

Gazzag steals your password?

Posted by jakku on November 6, 2006

Gazzag steals your personal information like password and mail???? Read this post by nirenjan. Please dont give your existing username and password in any web site..  Thanks to nirenjan and logic

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Comprehension Q&A(Updated)

Posted by jakku on November 5, 2006

hi !

After a long long time here is a post that is useful for Electrical and Electronics engineers.I have comp exam on 9th of this month. Got some question bank from class groups. It is really intresting to solve. Now i have worked some MCV sir questions and here it is….

NOTE: The answers given here are only up to my knowledge. There may be some wrong answers. So please reply if there is any wrong entry.

UPDATE : I have created a new page for this comprehension questionjs and answers which contains more Q&A. Check here.


1. Which type of indicating instrument MI,PMMC,Rectifier,Electrodynamometer) would you choose to measure the average value of a voltage having periodic sawtooth waveform? Give reason for your choice.

2. Why polarity of connection is not important while measuring dc currents and
voltages using a MI instrument?

The deflecting torque is directly proportional to the square of the RMS value of the operational current. So the deflecting torque is unidirectional whatever may be the direction of operational current.

3. A 20A dc current is suddenly passed through a PMMC ammeter with a wrong
polarity of connection. What will be the consequence if the range of the meter is (i) 5A and (ii) 25A?

4 It is required to measure the rms value of the square wave output voltage of an .astable multivibrator . Can you use a rectifier type voltmeter? Give reason.

No. Rectifier type of instruments are calibrarated in terms of RMS values of sin current and voltage.

5. What is the most important restriction is using rectifier type instruments in measuring currents and voltages?

It can be used only to measure sinusoidal current and voltage. Effect of rectifier resistance and capacitance

6. Can you use a MI voltmeter to measure the rms value of a sinusoidal voltage having a frequency of 5000Hz? Give reason.

No. MI instruments are suitable for measuring upto 125 hz. Change in frequency may cause error due to changes in reactance of the working coil.

7. Can you use a rectifier type ammeter to measure the rms value of a sinusoidal current having a frequency of 1Hz? Give reason.

8. Repeat Question No.7 with a MI ammeter.

Not suitable. Reason same as given in question no 6. operation range in 25-125hz

9. Repeat Question No.6 with a rectifier voltmeter.

10. It is required to measure accurately the rms value of a voltage having non-sinusoidal periodic waveform. Which type of meter is to be recommended?


11. What is a True RMS meter? Why a rectifier type meter is not a TRMS meter?

RMS meter are used to measure the complex waveforms most accurately. Rectifier type meter is not a true RMS meter because it is calibrated only for pure sin wave.

12. What is a transfer instrument? Why it is needed?

A transfer instrument is one that can be calibrated with a D.C source and then used to measure A.C without any modification

13. What are the advantages of a DMM compared with an analog multimeter? What is the purpose of providing a bar graph on DMMs?

Advantages of DMM

– High accuracy

– High input impedance

– Smaller in size

14. What is a 3 ½ digit display DMM? What is a 3 ¾ digit display DMM?

What is a 4 ¾ digit display DMM with a 50000 count?

15. What is an intelligent instrument?

16. Why one has to pay due attention in choosing a dynamometer type wattmeter for measuring power in a low-power factor circuit?

The wattmeter will read high value at lagging pf loads and low in leading pf loads.

This is due to pressure coil inductance.

17. What is the A/D conversion technique which can be made immune to power supply hum? How it can be accomplished?

Dual slope

18. What is the A/D conversion technique, which is fastest?

Flash type A/D

19. Mention an A/D conversion technique, which has a constant conversion time.Is there any advantage with constant conversion time? Explain.

20. What is the A/D conversion technique more often used in DMMs?

Dual slope method is used.

23. Ammeters should have as low resistance as possible and voltmeters as high resistance as possible. Explain this statement by means of examples using necessary circuit diagrams.

Ammeters are connected in series in the circuit. The power lossin the circuit is I square R. Therefore ammeter should have low resistance.

Voltmeter are connected in parallel with circuit. Power loss in the circuit is Vsquare/R. So voltmeter should have high resistance

32. What is an ELCB? What purpose does it serve?

Earth leakage circuit breaker. This primarily used in household premises to protect the personnel handling the power equipments. When the current through the person is more than a specific value say 40ma or so the circuit breaker trips isolating the power supply and saving the life of the person. It trips instantaneously.

40. Which is the fastest A/D conversion technique? Which is the slowest one?

Fast : Flash type

Slow : Dual slope

41. What is the A/D conversion technique which can be made immune to power supply hum? Explain your answer.

Dual slope


Posted in 6.11.06 NEW
Tom i have Lab. So caunt spend much time in comp. Here are some questions and answers. Will keep posting Tom also

<!–[if !supportLists]–>100. <!–[endif]–>What is the single purpose of transmitting power at high voltages?

Due to lot of advantage. Reduced conductor dia and volume due to less current in HV lines. I square loss is reduced because of less current.

101. A power system is operated as an interconnected system rather than isolated

blocks. Why?

Power system are operated in interconnected grid system due to the following advantages.

<!–[if !supportLists]–> <!–[endif]–>Exchange of peak loads.

<!–[if !supportLists]–> <!–[endif]–>Continuity of supply can be maintained in case of maintenance and failure of any generating stations

<!–[if !supportLists]–> <!–[endif]–>More reliable

102. Industrial consumers who operate their loads at low power factor have to

pay additional charge. Why is the additional charge?

103. Three-phase power is transformed by use of three-phase transformers. However, in large EHV systems, a bank of three single-phase transformers is connected in three-phase arrangement. Why?

For Transformers used In EHV lines, providing insulation is the major problem. If all the three phase windings are kept is a same casing as in the case of three phase transformer, electrical stress is high. So three single phase transformers are use.

104. What are the three pointers to assess the quality of a power system from the consumers’ point of view?

Constant Voltage (No voltage fluctuation )

Continuity of power supply

105. What is a relay? How is this different from a circuit breaker?

Relay is the operating element of the circuit breaker. A C.B responds when relay is operated. For example when there is a over current in the circuit the relay operates and opens the circuit breaker. CB has relays, switches and arc quenching mechanism etc..

106. What are the typical protections employed in transformers used in power system?

Over current protection, Differential protection, Lightning arresters etc. Bucholz relay, Translay relay, overcurrent relay are used.

Posted in EEE, SSNCE | Tagged: , , , | 4 Comments »